Monday, December 31, 2007

New year presents from Opera

Thank you Hallvord :D

Also, a late thank you to Yusuf from Outblaze Ltd. for the FON router and T-shirt (but most importantly, the experience sharing).

Thursday, December 27, 2007

GWT's solution to the JavaScript dynamic memory leak problem.

Any experienced AJAX developer should have seen this: You wrote a web application with a lot of JavaScript logic for the front end. It looks beautiful, it runs fast, it passes all feature tests. But there's one problem: it occupies more and more memory as it runs.

There's no way you can prevent it in Firefox, due to memory fragmentation at the very least (technically that is not memory leak, but that makes no difference to users), caches, and possible memory mismanagement by plugins. But memory leaks in IE are preventable, and it was one of the major topics for my FYP - WT Toolkit. The idea is trying to solve the memory leak problem as far as possible, and leave it to the browser developers (Firefox/Gecko, that is) if it isn't possible to solve in JavaScript.

WT Toolkit's approach is straightforward - since memory leaks in IE are usually made from circular references between DOM nodes and JavaScript objects (including functions), we try to eliminate the need to reference to any DOM nodes in JavaScript programming. It's simple in theory, but difficult to implement in practice.

Now I've graduated from college, but I'm facing the same problem in another project - FCKeditor. More precisely, I'm facing the problem in FCKeditor's floating dialog branch. Tools like Drip or sIEve, while excellent, can only help a bit in detecting JavaScript memory leaks - it is entirely possible that both of them do not detect any memory leaks but your application still contains dynamic leaks (i.e. increasing memory usage BEFORE page refresh), and I've talked about that in my FYP report.

So now I'm having to do the same research all over again. But this time the problem is harder - for WT Toolkit, I could simply look over the existing literature about the nature of the IE memory leaks, build the toolkit in a way that it can be mathematically proved that it cannot leak under certain circumstances (the "circumstances" here have to be flexible enough to make the toolkit practical, of course), and only develop web applications under the allowed circumstances. FCKeditor, on the other hand, does not have a toolkit built with such provisions.

Right... So I have to read the literature on JavaScript memory leaks all over again, and code again, how wonderful. While reading the literatures I found a piece of gem on this topic from the Google Web Toolkit team:

It discusses Google's solution to the very same problem that I tried to solve in WT Toolkit. It's not ideal, but it's simpler than WT Toolkit's approach. The only thing that it assumes is that the web developer won't call element.removeChild(widget) and won't make his own reference cycles in JavaScript - not a big problem for GWT since the web developer is supposed to write in Java.

Saturday, December 22, 2007

Got Mac OS X Leopard today.

It got me thinking... How many screw ups does it take to end up with Windows Vista's current UI design, given they already had a good example to copy from?

Saturday, December 8, 2007

WriteArea: Use FCKeditor everywhere you want!

How many times you have encountered this: You want to write a blog post - it may be on Blogger, it may be on Xanga, it may be on Wordpress - but the HTML editor provided by the blog site does not do what you want. Say, you want to draw a table with Xanga's HTML editor, which button is that? Well, sorry, there's no such thing. How about making indented list items in Blogger? No can do. Wanting to add a Flash animation in your blog post to spice things up a bit? Well, you need to resort to editing HTML source - a tedious, painful, and error prone process for non-professionals.

Introducing WriteArea

WriteArea is a Firefox plugin that lets you write your blog posts, or anything requiring the use of HTML, with FCKeditor - the most popular web based rich text editor of the world. It is a new Firefox plugin that lets you convert any HTML text areas in any web site into a full-featured FCKeditor editing dialog. With it, you can create tables in your Xanga posts, you can create indented list items in Blogger, you can add Flash animations to your blog posts without fiddling with arcane HTML code, you can have the ability to write things in subscript and superscript, and the ability to edit the properties of tables and images with right click menues... WriteArea is a little plugin gives you a whole world of possibilities in web authoring.

Using WriteArea

WriteArea can be activated from any text area boxes of any website. For blog sites, that is usually the text area provided by the "Edit Source" or "Edit HTML" feature. To give you a rough idea of how WriteArea works, I'll give you an example how I wrote this post with WriteArea in Blogger.

Step 1: Switch to "Edit HTML" in Blogger, and activate the plugin by right clicking on the text area. Step 1: Activate WriteArea plugin.

Step 2: Write your message in the WriteArea dialog that pops up.

Step 3: Click "Save" in the WriteArea dialog to save the HTML code into the blog site's text area. If you want to edit your post again just right click on the text area and activate WriteArea again.

Step 4: Publish your blog post when you've done editing it.

Getting WriteArea

WriteArea can be downloaded here. Since the plugin is new, it is being sandboxed right now and is available only to registered users in You'll also need to enable showing sandboxed plugins in your user preferences after you've registered and logged into the Mozilla plugin site before downloading it. A plugin being sandboxed also means it is a beta and thus it's likely it will have some bugs. So, be a responsible open source software user, report any bugs you've found and write a favorable review for it if you think it is useful.